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Terminologies Used in The Area of Leatherwork
There are numerous terminologies in leatherwork. The leather artist must understand these terms. He must perfectly know their meanings in order that he can be a chief or exponent within the field. A few of these terms in leatherwork are discussed.
Appliqué is an ornamental technique in leatherwork whereby a reduce out design is glued to the surface of the leather and sewn around it. Vintage is a decorative remedy given to leather. It includes the giving of the leather a mellowed impact for it to look like an historic piece.
Bakometer is a hydrometer used for determining the particular gravity of tanning solutions. Bazaar is the selling of a wide range of products in leatherwork in a shop or store. Burnishing is a finishing approach in leatherwork that includes the making of the surface of the leather shiny via rubbing its surface with a smooth instrument such as a bottle, the disc of a spoon, etc. Blushing is the dulling or mottling of the end of the leather resulting from condensed moisture during drying of the finish.
Channel is a slanting cut made across the edge of an outsole or insole to provide a groove for the stitching and to keep the line of the thread below the surface of the leather. Checking is the separation of leather or composition heel lifts from each other. Crop is a side with the belly trimmed off. Crocking is the transfer of end or color when leather is rubbed with a wet or dry cloth. Currying is a process of treating tanned hides with oils and greases to organize them for a belting sole, harness leather etc.
Dyeing is a decorative technique of making use of a liquid colouring agent to the leather materials in an ornamental manner to create pleasing effects on the leather. Dubbing/Dubbin is a combination of oils and fats for stuffing leather.
Embossing is the creation of raised patterns on leather as an ornamental effect. It may be done either by heating the surface of the leather with a stamping tool or by laying a minimize out hardboard design and laying the leather on it. Exhibition is a public display of products with a purpose to attract viewers and buyers. Eyelet is an annular ring of metal or other materials inserted in leather to provide a durable ring for lacing.
Goring is a woven cloth with rubber threads forming an elastic material. It is used as an insert in footwear. Incision is an ornamental technique involves reducing the thickness of the leather around a marked out design on a leather materials by chipping away or chopping off, the identical as with wood or other materials. In-laying is an ornamental approach includes the chopping out of a drawn design (i.e. positive areas) and placing a new coloured leather piece under the cutout design thus, in-laying. The in-laid leather piece is maintained in position either by stitching, sewing or gluing. Lacing- This is the fastening together of a leather piece with a lace (an ornamental open work that employs thread.)
Marbling is a decorative technique whereby a bit of leather is crumpled and dyes are sprinkled on it to create ornamental patterns. Plaiting technique involves the braiding of strips of leather to join items together. Quirk- A small triangular piece of leather used between the fingers of a glove.
Scorching technique is applied on leather by first skand so onhing or tracing patterns, motifs, drawings etc. on leather then a metal rod or soldering rod is heated and within the scorching state used to burn alongside the lines traced onto the leather. Score is a reduce made by a flaying knife on the flesh side throughout removal of the skin from the carcass. Scudding- The removal of scud from unhaired hides by scrapping with a blade either by hand or machine.
Slat is a dried, untanned sheepskins with little or no wool. Slunk is the skin of an unborn or prematurely born animal particularly a calf. Skiver is the grain split of a sheepskin used for hat sweatbands and small leather goods. Shank refers to the part of the shoe that comes under and supports the arch of the foot. Suede- Leather completed by buffing with an emery wheel to produce a napped surface.
Stamping- This is the creation of designs onto the leather materials using heated stamps of various designs.
Stuffing is the process of incorporating grease in leather by drumming the wet leather with warm, molten grease and oils. Tooling is a decorative approach includes the creation of finely outlined patterns on a leather item. The leather materials is moisture or made damp. The outlined pattern is created with pencil onto the leather item. A spherical sharp-edged device which can be heated is made to undergo the outlines to create the sample on the leather item. Vamp is the lower part of a shoe upper that's connected to the sole or welting. Veal is a large calfskin almost as giant as a kip. Waxing is the application of wax on leather as a type of polish or finish. It can be utilized to threads to strengthen them before they're used for sewing. Weaving is creating an interlaced design or sample with different coloured strips of leather on a leather item.
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